WOMEN-RESERVATION NECESSARY IN LEGISLATURE
New Delhi,26/05/19:New Lok Sabha will have highest number of women-members with a tally of 78 with ruling BJP having 40 out of them. BJD being amongst very few regional parties getting success in recently held polls to Lok Sabha and state Legislative-Assembly deserves all compliments for having five out of twelve (42-perecent) women amongst its newly elected members of new Lok Sabha. Even TMC sent 9 women amongst 22 of its newly elected Lok Sabha members. It is noteworthy that out of 54 women having contested on BJP ticket, 40 were elected to Lok Sabha thus having a strike-rate of 74.1 percent as compared to male contestants with lower strike-rate of 68.8 percent.
Now with parties like SP and RJD opposing Women Reservation Bill almost finished in new Lok Sabha, bill to provide 33-percent reservation to women in legislature should now be dream-come-true. Parties opposing Women reservation Bill cry for reservation on man-made aspects like religion and cast evidently for vote-bank politics, but oppose reservation to women which still remain dominated section of society created by nature in our male-dominated system. Even Islamic world including Pakistan and many other democratic countries have adopted Women-Reservation in legislature.
To prevent wives or other relations being misused as proxy of male politicians, there should be a system whereby name or photo of husband or any other relation may not be permitted in election-campaigns of women candidates. At a time when women-quota in panchayats and local bodies is being increased to 50-percent from earlier 33-percent, it is meaningless to resist 33-percent reservation to women in legislature. Rather there should be uniform 33-perecent reservation for women at all stages from civic bodies to Parliament.
Input;Ms Madhu Agarwal
Bhubaneswar,24/05/19:A social activist on Saturday move the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of Nepal, seeking a thorough probe into the mysterious death of mountaineer Kalpana Das and other 13 climbers on Mount Everest in this spring season.
“The NHRC of Nepal should take cognizance in the matter and direct authorities to probe in which circumstances Kalpana and other mountaineer died on Mt Everest. It is due to mismanagement by authorities and allowing for overcrowding of climbers”, alleged the petitioner Mr. Akhand, a member of Civil Society Forum on Human Rights at Bhubaneswar.
49 year old climber Kalpana Das died above the balcony area on Mt Everest on 23rd May, 2019 afternoon while descending from the summit point. Kalpana along with Kanchhi Maya Tamang from Nepal and Liyamu Ma from China made it to the summit of Mt Everest at around 12:55 pm. Das, who fell ill on the descent died near the balcony area.
The 50-year-old mountaineer had left for Nepal on April 23 from Bhubaneswar. After reaching the peak, she had trouble walking because of which she was coming down with the help of Sherpas (Nepali Guides). When they reached the balcony area, her breathing stopped. One official informed their family members that her leg is not fine and that she was climbing slowly. Later official team from Nepal said her body is hanging from balcony area.
Due to mismanagement and overcrowding of climbers in mountain, in this season at least 14 climbers have been died. Death toll in this week is at least seven - more than the total for the whole of last year (2018), alleged Akhand.
According to the reports, the season witnessed at least 14 fatal incidents with five deaths on Mt Everest, three each on Mt Kanchenjunga and Mt Makalu as well as one each on Mt Lhotse, Mt Annapurna and Mt Cho Oyu till date.
The government of Nepal this year has handed out 378 permits, topping the previous record of 373 in 2017. Climbers are assisted by Nepali guides. This could mean that about 750 climbers will be attempting to scale the mountain at the same time in May when the weather is expected to be favorable.
“It comes amid traffic jams near the summit as record numbers make the ascent, despite calls to limit the number of climbing permits. There are two rows of climbers. Because there is only one fixed rope at the summit, climbers ascending and descending the summit all have to share the same rope”, Petitioner said.
Akhand demanded before NHRC through a online complaint that, “Death of Kalpana and other climbers should be investigated. In what circumstance they are died. How the dead body of Kalpana is found hanging from balcony area? One of the prime reasons of deaths is overcrowding of climbers in Mountain Area. Authorities of Nepal must be accountable for it.”
Report; Manoj Kanta Dash,Pranya Panda,Odishabarta
Berhampur,18/05/19:Odisha’s top Maoist leader Sabyasachi Panda has been sentenced to life imprisonment in connection with 2014 case (case no 127/14) under Bada Bazar Police limits in Berhampur.
As per the case History the self-styled Maoist leader Sunil alias Sabyasachi Panda, who made it into the international headlines in 2012 abduction of two Italian tourists, has been sentenced to life imprisonment under Section 121 of the IPC.Panda was wanted in over 135 criminal cases.
Today Additional District Judge (1) pronounced the verdict after taking into consideration 15 witnesses and police records.
The Berhampur police had arrested the 48-year-old fugitive rebel after raiding a hideout near Mangalabarm Peta under Bada Bazar Police limit in Berhampur City on July 17, 2014. Since then he was at the Berhampur jail.
Earlier, Panda was acquit in as many as 52 cases and was convicted in only one case.
As per public prosecutor Gyanendra Jena, Sabyasachi was sentenced to life imprisonment under IPC section 121.
With Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the BJP launching a blistering attack, and his own party chief distancing itself from him, Congress leader Sam Pitroda on Friday swallowed his words over the 1984 riots – "Haan, hua toh hua [Yes, it happened, so what]".
PM Modi led from the front to slam the Congress and Pitroda. Addressing a rally in Haryana's Rohtak district, which goes to polls on Sunday, he said, "Their minds are filled with arrogance. Yesterday, this was described in just three words. Congress has been so insensitive, this was indicated in those three words. They were not uttered out of the blue. These words reflect the character, mentality and intent of the Congress. What were those three words? Hua toh Hua."
Modi then targeted Pitroda. "This senior leader is the closest aide of the Gandhi family. He is around them day and night..he is also their biggest confidante and was a friend of Rajiv Gandhi and now he is Rahul Gandhi's guru."
Pitroda said his statement was blown out of proportion and attributed the controversy to his poor Hindi. "I wanted to say move on. We have other issues to discuss as to what BJP government did and what it delivered...I wanted to say jo hua vo bura hua, I could not translate bura in my mind," Pitroda told a news agency.
Amid protests by Sikh groups in New Delhi, Congress president Rahul Gandhi too condemned Pitroda. "I think 1984 was a needless tragedy that caused tremendous pain. What Mr. Sam Pitroda has said is absolutely and completely out of line and is not appreciated. I will be communicating this to him directly. He must apologise for his comment," Gandhi wrote in a Facebook post.
Earlier in the day, Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh too criticized Pitroda's statement. "I totally don't accept that statement. It is the duty of successive government to find out who was behind it and how the riots happened," he said.
During the day, the Delhi unit of the BJP took out a procession against Pitroda and demanded an apology from him. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley tweeted that it was a matter of disgrace that the party did not show any remorse and wondered if Rahul Gandhi would oust hus Guru for his remarks.
Along with Haryana, all of Punjab will vote on May 12.
Source & Courtesy;DNA News
New Delhi,10/05/19:Presently with Reserve Bank of India RBI and government-mints facing a unique problem of storage of coins and mints at times working in just one shift rather than usual three, still many vendors are continuing with faulty practice of giving candies, chocolates and other such unwanted items in place of balance coins. Many retailers have made it a practice to give candies and chocolates in place of coins even though they have sufficient coins in their cash-boxes. It is a noble way to earn extra profit through such forced sale of unwanted items devised in the days when coins were in scarcity.
Central Government should take steps to stop such anti-consumer tactics by making provision to impose fine on traders who give candies, chocolates and other unwanted items in place of balance coins to consumers. RBI should direct all private and public sector banks to ensure sufficient coin-bags of each denomination especially of rupees one and five at all their branches so that these may be available on demand to any one irrespective of being customer of the bank.
Production of coins of rupees two should be stopped by increasing production of one-rupee coins because it is quite often that one-rupee coin is not given back as balance of two-rupee coin because of one-rupee coin-bags not usually available. Coins should only be in denominations of rupees one and five.
New Delhi,08/05/19:Amul is amongst the largest selling brands of milk and milk-products in India. But it was surprising to note that six-litre pack of Amul-Gold has Maximum-Retail-Price MRP of rupees 312, while two-litre pack is rupees 99. Evidently it is cheaper to buy three packs of two-litre at a total MRP of just rupees 297 for total six litres rather than one six-litre pack priced at rupees 312. Market-study reveals that profit-percentage at six-litre economy pack is much higher than in packs of half, one and two litres making dealers selling six-litre pack at rupees 300 rather than on printed MRP of rupees 312. Prices of Amul-Gold in packs of half and one litre are at rupees 26 and 50 respectively.
Since most popular pack in milk is of half-litre, standard packing of milk and milk-products should be half, two and five litres apart from a 200-mililitre pack, abolishing packs of one and six litres. Traders force one-litre pack after popular half-litre packs are finished. There should be reasonable and logical economy pricing in packs of two and five litres. Packs of 400 or 450 millilitres looking like of 500 millilitre in butter-milk are deliberately kept to befool consumers, and must be replaced and regulated by regular 500-mililitre pack.
New Delhi,08/05/19:It refers to a consumer-forum in Chandigarh imposing a total levy of rupees 9000 on a renowned shoe-company for charging rupees 3 as cost of paper-bag. Ever since a ban has been imposed on plastic-bags, many traders have started charging cost of paper-bags from the shoppers,
Department of Consumer Affairs should widely publicise through electronic and print media-advertisements to educate consumers that they must not pay for cost of shopping bags citing all the reasons given by Chandigarh consumer-forum in this regard.
Since shopper-bags are printed with name and logo of the company, it is advertisement and sale-promotion for which consumer cannot be compelled to pay. Moreover charging cost for shopping-bag is held as deficiency in service and traders or companies are duty-bound to supply free shopping-bags with purchased goods.
# Input;Subash Agarwal
SUPREME COURT REMARKS ON ILLEGAL DETENTION FLY IN FACE OF INDIA’S CONSTITUTIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATIONS: CHRISaturday, 04 May 2019 03:58 Written by odishabarta
New Delhi, May 1, The Supreme Court needs to reaffirm India’s constitutional and international obligations to rights on complex issues of nationality, detention and deportation and not be unmindful of its own commitment to these duties, the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (CHRI) has urged.
The following is the text of the statement, issued today, and signed by a group of eminent citizens including former Supreme Court Justice Madan Lokur, Wajahat Habibullah, CHRI’s Chair and former Chief Information Commissioner, Justice AP Shah, former Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court, and a number of senior former officials and civil society leaders:
As concerned citizens, we look to the Supreme Court to reaffirm India’s constitutional and international obligations to rights on sensitive issues. That is why we are disappointed by recent statements by the Chief Justice of India on a complex matter relating to illegal detention and deportation, without heeding India’s own constitutional and international obligations.
While advocating greater detention of suspected ‘foreigners’, the Chief Justice brushed aside the Assam Chief Secretary with a stinging admonition for proposing a methodology for the release of a handful of foreign prisoners who had been in detention beyond their term of sentence for illegal entry. This was especially of concern for the case concerned the wilful violation of the human rights of hundreds of detainees who were languishing in what the court itself accepts are “inhuman conditions”.
We regard these remarks as unfortunate.
Article 21 is very clear in its intent, ambit and process. It binds all duty-holders and citizens with the ringing affirmation that no person in India (and we emphasize that there no special privileges here for Indian citizens) can be deprived of her/his right to life and liberty without due process.
There is no deportation agreement with Bangladesh. International law lays down that such deportations can take place only with the consent of the country of origin. Bangladesh has consistently refused to accept that its citizens migrate in large numbers to India. Indeed, Bangladesh regards such unilateral efforts as harmful to a bilateral relationship that is critical for the security and stability of both countries and especially of our eastern region.
We cannot place ourselves in a situation where we are seen as forcing people out at gunpoint; it would be ethically unjust, wrong in law and draw international condemnation.
We are acutely sensitive to concerns in Assam and other parts of the North-east and across the country about the problem of illegal migration from Bangladesh, a long-standing issue that has defied official proclamations and pledges of “push back”, “deportation” and “detection”. Whatever methods are used they must be undertaken within the rule of law frame, be just and fair and designed to minimise individual hardship and tragedy. We believe there is a need that this is a tragedy of growing intensity which is gathering momentum as a result of the current National Register of Citizens (NRC) exercise in Assam.
Accounts from Assam indicate that often arbitrariness not rule of law is used to define those who have come post-1971 from Bangladesh (of whatever religious denomination) and those who are Indian nationals.
Lakhs are in limbo and now fear that they may become “stateless” because of a process that is mired in a mix of complexity, confusion, lack of precision and prejudice.
Many of those at risk are from the bottom of the economic pyramid, unable to sustain the complex adjudication process needed to establish their citizenship. Large numbers are already in detention camps.
Although the Supreme Court mandated deadline for a ‘final’ list is July 2019, we understand that not less than 38 lakh persons out of the 40 lakh (four million) who had found themselves off the NRC last year have filed applications for inclusion. Such a huge number of requests cannot be processed in two months and we urge that this not be hurried as the consequences are too devastating to contemplate. The efforts need to be steady and methodical so that the charges of arbitrariness, prejudice and poor record keeping, which have plagued the NRC process, do not stick.
It must be pointed out here that India is a signatory to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in which its representatives played a stellar part in developing the language that all of us are familiar with in regard to equality, non-discrimination and gender. Our international commitments are clear as to the rights of people affected in such situations.
It would also be unacceptable if any Indian of any religious denomination is harmed by negligence, wilful prejudice, wrongful confinement and prosecution.
Failure to address this critical situation adequately and justly would be seen internationally as a gross violation of human rights and a blot on India's traditional record. What is also of concern to us are social fault lines that could be exacerbated by insensitive handling that could leave many people desperate, particularly youth, with the potential of radicalization.
As concerned citizens, we appeal to the judicial system and the government to explore a solution that addresses the human dimension. The situation in Assam and inter alia other parts of the North-east represent unprecedented challenges and conditions that cannot be resolved by application of a routine legal framework which is designed to deal with individual cases.
Wajahat Habibullah, Chairperson, CHRI
Justice Madan Lokur
Justice AP Shah
Ms. Vineeta Rai (IAS, retd, former Revenue Secretary to the Government of India)
Nitin Desai, former Under Secretary, United Nations)
Jacob Punnoose (IPS, retd)
Poonam Muttreja (Member, Executive Committee, CHRI)
Kamal Kumar (IPS, retd)
Ms. Maja Daruwala (Adviser, CHRI)
Jayanto N. Choudhury (IPS, retd)
Dr. BK Chandrashekar (ex MLC, Karnataka)
Sanjoy Hazarika (International Director)
#CHRI Press Note