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Health (102)

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Magnifying glass needed to read name of medicine on medicine-strip: Make it compulsory to print strips with name of medicine coming on every tablet-capsule

Wednesday, 29 August 2018 09:32 Written by

By;Ms.Madhu Agarwal 

New Delhi,29/08/18:Recently I purchased in emergency four tablets cut from a strip of ten of the medicine Zolfresh-5. But I was shocked that the name of medicine printed on side of the cut-strip was printed in so tiny letters that I had to use magnifying-glass to confirm name of the medicine. It may be that the total strip of ten might have Zolfresh-5 printed once on the strip in readable size. But problem arises in case of remaining tablets to be used later in need when the cut-strip is left either without name of the medicine or name printed in unreadable size. 

It should be made compulsory to print name of the medicine on complete strip over every tablet-capsule. Moreover, it should also be compulsory to print-emboss name of the medicine individually on each tablet-capsule. Alternatively, system can be formulated wherein name of medicine is printed all over on background of the packing-foil, with all other details printed in a darker tone over the packing-foil with name of medicine all over the strip in background like once used to be for Crocin. 

Metric-system of packaging in medicines in true spirit should be introduced by making it compulsory to pack medicines in units of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 or 500 gms-mltrs-kgs-litres units unless exemption is sought for some dose-wise administration. Many drug-manufacturers pack even commonly used cough-lozenges in strips of eight instead of normal ten because consumers judge price per strip rather than a lozenge.

Branded medicines at 20-percent discount be sold at all government hospitals like is done by many chemists

Wednesday, 29 August 2018 08:37 Written by

Report;Bureau,Odishabarta 

New Delhi,29/08/18:Wholesale traders in biggest wholesale-market for medicines namely Bhagirath Palace in Delhi have started competing by selling all branded medicines in retail at 20-percent discount on printed Maximum-Retail-Price even for single medicine-strips. Even in other retail markets, many chemists have started selling branded medicines at discounts ranging from 10 to 15 percent even without customer asking for the discount. Many retail-chemists have even mentioned on their sign-boards about such discounts. 

Since reduction in profit-margin is not feasible because of trade-requirements in remote and rural areas, central and state governments in all their hospitals at least in urban-areas where distributor-network of medicine-companies exists, should invite tenders from desiring chemists to open shops in hospital-premises where they may sell branded medicines at 20-percent discount. Since such a discount is being given without even being asked in many markets, it will generate extra income for governments by allotment of shops through tender-process. Since generic medicines have MRP at even four times the wholesale price, suggested shops should be allowed to sell only branded medicines. 

Central government should take immediate steps top fix maximum trade-margin over ex-factory price at least for generic medicines. Such heavy trade-margin tends to induce corruption in government-purchase of medicines apart from depriving common persons to get generic medicines at cheaper prices.

 

 

 

Input;Subash Agarwal

Workshop on Maternity Care

Wednesday, 29 August 2018 08:18 Written by

Report;Bureau,Odishabarta 

Paralakhemundi,29/08/18:Leading NGO, CRS on collaboration with SWAD organized a Workshoponp on Maternity Care at Mohana block of Gajapati district.Speaking on the occasion Mr.Bansidhar Khosla Block Development Officer of Mohana block stressed the need of convergence with NGO & ICDS to reach 100% safe delivery of women & also avoid mal-nutrition of both lactating mothers & new born babies.Premananda Behera of SWAD & Rajashree Purohit of  CRS presented on their intervention of health & nutritional care in 18 interior villages of Mohana block.Besides that regular check up & counseling with updation through VHND to sensitize community & SHG Women Members as the Prime safety of motherhood.Mrs.Padmasekhari Sahu intervened on various strategies to reach short term goals to avoid mal-nutrition among both mother & babies.Kabita Nayak AWW of Bhalipunka & AWW of Hadupadar shared their experiences.Fr.Jamal conveyed vote of thanks.

BE MORE SENSITIVE TO SUFFERINGS OF PATIENTS, URGES VICE PRESIDENT

Sunday, 26 August 2018 05:43 Written by

Bureau,Odishabarta

Bhubaneswar,25/08/18:The Vice President of India M Venkaiah Naidu has said that doctors must be trained to be more sensitive towards the sufferings of patients.

He was addressing the first convocation of All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in Bhubaneswar, Odisha today.

The Vice President asked the doctors to be abreast with modern methods and latest trends in their fields of specialization. He further said that they should focus on disciplines such as family and community medicine. This will help in providing comprehensive health care for people of all ages in families and communities, he added.

The Vice President said that schemes such as ‘Ayushman Bharat Yojana’ or the ‘National Health Protection Scheme’ will be a game-changer in terms of accessing healthcare services in India. He asked doctors to give their best to make these schemes a success so that no needy or deserving person is denied medical treatment at the right time.

The Vice President said that Medical Education curriculum has to be constantly updated by including the latest developments and methods of treatment.

The Vice President said that there is shortage of physicians, other specialists and nurses in the country and stressed on the need to increase the number of medical colleges and also expand medical services to every nook and corner of the country.  The government is doing its best in this regard, the corporate sector and NGOs must come forward to supplement the efforts of the government, he added.

The Vice President said that it is a matter of concern that the absence of qualified medical practitioners is making people to go to quacks. We need to overcome the acute shortage of health providers as also the infrastructure in rural areas, he added.

Highlighting on the need to accord priority to primary healthcare and tertiary healthcare, the Vice President said that there is a need to increase the number of doctors available at health care centres residing in rural areas. It should be mandatory for young doctors to serve at least two-three years in rural areas before considering promotions for them, he added.

The Vice President lauded the contributions of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, who laid foundation for the institution and remembered his memories with the leader.

The Governor of Odisha, Ganeshi Lal, the Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare J.P. Nadda, the Union Minister for Petroleum & Natural Gas and Skill Development & Entrepreneurship Dharmendra Pradhan, the Minister for Health & Family Welfare, Odisha, Pratap Jena and other dignitaries were present on the occasion.

 

 

 

 

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UNION MINISTER, JP NADDA LAID FOUNDATION-STONE OF BALASORE SATELLITE CENTRE OF AIIMS

Sunday, 26 August 2018 05:39 Written by

Report;Pradipta Behera,Odishabarta

Balasore,25/08/18:Union Minister of Health JP Nadda laying the foundation-stone for the Balasore Satellite Centre of AIIMS, Bhubaneswar here on Saturday. 

Nadda said the satellite centre would be turned into a super specialty hospital in a phased manner. Urging the Odisha Government to adopt the Ayushman Bharat scheme, he said the scheme is a unique one which could be availed by rural people as well as people of urban areas of certain categories and it would benefit 55 crore people of over 10 crore families. 

The Central Government would bear the cost of treatment up to Rs 5 lakh in the empanelled hospitals across India and the service under the scheme is paperless and cashless, he said. He lamented that the Odisha Government is not inclined to be part of such a scheme. 

“Since a large number of people from Odisha migrate to other States for jobs, the Ayushman Bharat scheme would be a boon for them as one can avail treatment facilities. The beneficiary would get a unique identity number and hassle-free treatment facilities would be given once enrolled under the scheme. 

The Odisha Government should consider the scheme in large perspectives in the interest of people of the State,” said Nadda. Union Minister Dharmendra Pradhan also emphasised about the benefits of the Ayushman Bharat scheme.

AIIMS, Bhubaneswar Director Gitajali Batmanbane informed that the satellite centre is the first in India of any AIIMS after New Delhi.

 

VACCINE INDUCED PARALYSIS CALLS FOR ACTION, SAYS STUDY

Friday, 17 August 2018 18:11 Written by

Odishabarta,Bureau

New Delhi,17/08/18:Leading doctors in two reputed hospitals here report that over 490,000   persons in India developed paralysis between 2000 to 2017 because of  oral polio vaccine (OPV).   

Jacob Puliyel, a pediatrician at St Stephens Hospital and co-workers say their study has shown that  "the frequency of pulse polio administration is directly or indirectly related to the incidence of  non-polio acute  flaccid  paralysis  (NPAFP)." 

Their study which calls for judicious use of OPV schedule to prevent vaccine induced paralysis  is published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. To  monitor  progress  in  polio eradication, the World  Health  Organization (WHO),recommends  that  countries  conduct surveillance  for  cases  of  acute  flaccid  paralysis  (AFP) which is  defined  as  a sudden  onset  of  paralysis or weakness  in  any  part  of  the  body  of  a  child  less  than  15  years  of  age.    

The surveillance allows nations  to detect paralytic poliomyelitis due to wild poliovirus transmission in the population. There are many causes of AFP, so each case needs to be evaluated to find out if the paralysis is due to polio or not. This  investigation  includes  testing stool specimens  of  all  AFP  cases  for  polio virus  detection. 

More  than  50,000  AFP  cases  are investigated  in  India  every  year  as    part  of  this   surveillance  system that  has  been  in  place    since  1997.  

In 2009, 741 of these AFP cases in India tested positive for polio. In 2010 only 42 cases tested positive while in 2011 only a single AFP case tested positive for polio.   Not a single AFP case   tested positive for polio in 2012, 2013 and 2014. All AFP cases during the last three years have been due to non-polio causes. 

The last case of polio from India was reported in 2011 but India even after it was certified polio-free maintains  its   surveillance  system  in order     to  pick  up  any  imported cases of polio.   

In the absence of wild polio transmission, it was expected that the AFP  cases in India  would reduce to acceptable   rate of around 2  per100,000.  "Although   surveillance in India has been exemplary, this has not yet materialized," the report says. The AFP rate in some states is as high as 30 per 100,000. 

The present study - using surveillance data obtained from   all 36 states and Union Territories  - was done   to see if the incidence of NPAFP declined with   reduction in pulse polio immunization rounds.   

The results however showed that the number of pulse polio rounds conducted in a state  had a "high correlation" with the NPAFP rate in the state. 

The NPAFP rates in the states of Uttar Pradesh   and Bihar were the highest in the country.  "Our study found that NPAFP rate in these states was high in those years when the number of pulse polio rounds conducted was high," the authors say.   

For instance, in 2011,   there were an additional 47,500 children with paralysis  which was over and above the assumed NPAFP rate of 2 per100,000   and the NPAFP rate started to decrease from 2012 when the number of pulse polio rounds had decreased.    

"From the results, the NPAFP rate has been shown to decline with a reduction in the pulse polio doses suggesting that OPV vaccinations are responsible for the paralysis," the authors say. 

"A total of 640,000 children developed NPAFP in the years 2000–2017, suggesting that there were an additional 491,000 paralyzed children above the numbers expected to develop NPAFP," the authors say. 

According to their report "repeated doses of the live vaccine virus delivered to the intestine may colonize the gut and alter the viral microbiome of the intestine."  

Also studies from Finland and Turkey suggest that Guillain Barre Syndrome (GBS) is causatively associated with OPV vaccination campaigns . 

"While the mechanism involved is speculative, our findings  supports the hypothesis that the frequency of pulse polio administration is directly or indirectly related to the incidence of NPAFP," the report says. "Now that India has been polio-free for over six years,   we may be able to reduce NPAFP by further reducing pulse polio rounds."  

While commending the government for its enormous effort at polio eradication, the authors hope their  observation "will help   at optimizing the dose schedule of OPV administration" to prevent paralysis in vaccinated children.   

Puliyel's team included   Rachana Dhiman and Sandeep Prakash at St. Stephens Hospital and V. Sreenivas of the   All India Institute of Medical Sciences'.

 

Press Release by; Jagannath Chatterjee,This press release has been written with help from an experienced science reporter

 

ODISHA - KIDS BRANDED WITH HOT IRON IN NABARANGPUR

Sunday, 12 August 2018 06:01 Written by

Report;Bureau,Odishabarta 

Nabarangpur,11/08/18:In a shocking incident, as many as 23 children, including a seven-month-kid were branded with hot iron in a village  at Kadara Sahi,under Papdahandi Block in Nabarangpur district. 

Sources said the parents of the children, all are tribal’s, branded their kids with hot iron on the occasion of ‘Chitalagi Amabasya’ believing it will help their children to live a disease-free life. It is a common practice among tribal parents every year on the occasion ‘Chitalagi Amabasya’. 

Despite awareness against superstition, 22 children in the district were branded with hot sickles and rods in an attempt to raise their digestive capacity in Papdahandi block of Nabarangpur district. 

Most of the children were aged between two and 10 years. The incident took place at Bhimasahi and Khadarasahi even as health workers, ASHAs and Anganwadi workers have been creating health awareness pertaining to mothers and children. At least 14 branded children belong to a single family. 

The kids who were subjected to branding by their family members included Payal Patra, Chandan Patra, Sagar Sahu, Lambadar Sahu, Arun Sahu, Labali Sahu, Risan Sahu, Seshadev Sahu, Sriya Sahu, Sridhar Sahu, Smruti Sahu, Manasi Sahu, Asha Sahu, Ashish Sahu, Purosttom Sahu, Kanhei Sahu and Radhakant Sahu. According to sources, the families did not disclose the branding incidents to the Anganwadi workers.


Kadand Sahu, a resident claimed, “I have 14 grandchildren. All of them were branded. We believe that children who are branded on Chitau Amavasya Day (It is August 11 this year as per Hindu almanac) will be strong and their digestive capacity will grow in the rainy season. Though ASHAs and Anganwadi workers prohibit the practice, we have been following our tradition.”.


Disari (a traditional healer) Kalpana Majhi, health worker Krishna Samal, Anganwadi worker Chandrama Moharana and ASHA Hemlata Majhi immediately visited the houses and noted down the names of branded kids.


The Anganwadis, the health workers and ASHA have termed the incident as “unfortunate”. Despite their effort and awareness programmes against such practice, people have been subjecting their infants to branding, they lamented. When contacted, Disari Kalpana Majhi said she had been branding kids, but has given up the practice for two years after being made aware of its adverse impact. On a tip-off, Anganwadi workers from Papadahandi reached the village and helped rescue at least 50 children from being branded.
 

According to file report during Jan, 2017, one two-month infant died in hot cashew nut branding. But the tribal community people said we believe on our traditional healer (Disari) when the kid suffering from cold cough and fever. 

It may be mentioned here that to check recurrence of such incidents every year in April-May the district administration had taken up an a 68-day-long awareness drive in all the 169,Gram Panchayats involving 4,300 traditional healers with three All anganwadi, Asha and ANM, Panchayat officials local youth club members with an aim to make them aware about the medical and legal implications of their superstitious practices. 

 In spite of Nabarangpur district administration’s awareness programmes and arrest of Disaris there seems to be no end to the menace of branding infants with a hot iron for curing them of illnesses in this tribal dominated district of Odisha.

This is high time unless the administration will not  take right action in right time this incident has again hinted that much more has to be done to end the menace. It’s not just Nabarangpur, the practice is rampant even in remote areas of other districts.

Rourkela District Congress met Chief Medical Officer, RGH regarding its problems

Saturday, 04 August 2018 03:45 Written by

Report by: Rajesh Mohapatra, Odishabarta 

ROURKELA,03/08/18:A team of workers of Rourkela District Congress Committee under Rabi Ray, President and Shabbir Hussain, Working President, went to Rourkela Govt. Hospital (RGH) and met the Chief Medical officer. They informed him about different issues which need immediate attention for the patients come here for treatment. There are many vacancies of Doctors and para-medical staffs which is the major problem to provide due service to huge patient turnover on daily basis. Patients in and around 30 kms radius including outer State depends on this hospital and they come to this hospital with a hope for a better treatment with low cost but expectation remains on air than reality. X-Ray machine is available but without technician to run it. This is not all though this hospital carries the status of Capital Hospital; it acts like an Ordinary hospital. ICU is available here without proper infrastructure which is not expected. Patients are not getting sufficient medicines under Niramaya Yojana. Specialized doctors are not available in many departments hence creating crisis in medical treatment. These issues are raised by Congress members and they also alleged Juel Oram had visited the hospital and supervised different departments and wrote a letter to CM of Odisha for Govt.’s attention to this Hospital but proper follow up whether any action is being taken by the Govt. or not. Hence, party thinks none is serious about doing something for this hospital and patients as a whole. In the perspective, party has decided to carry out a huge protest in coming time if the demands are not met in proper time. The administration of the Hospital and the Govt. will be held responsible for the consequences. This press release have issued by Rabi Ray, President, District Congress committee. No doubt these issues are having genuineness but time will say how they are getting it done!!

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